II. Research Methods (8-10%)

AP Psychology – Chapter 2 Handouts: AP Psych – Ch 2 – Handouts

AP Psychology Free-Response: – 2006, Question 1 – Isolated Question on Chapter 2 Content (INTRODUCE FREE RESPONSE QUESTIONS)

AP Psychology – Chapter 2 – Research Methods – Workbook: AP Psych – Ch 2 – Research Methods – Workbook

II. Research Methods, 8–10%
A. Experimental, Correlational, and Clinical Research
B. Statistics
1. Descriptive
2. Inferential
C. Ethics in Research

II. Research Methods (8–10%)
Psychology is an empirical discipline. Psychologists develop knowledge by doing research. Research provides guidance for psychologists who develop theories to explain behavior and who apply theories to solve problems in behavior.

AP students in psychology should be able to do the following:
• Differentiate types of research (e.g., experiments, correlational studies, survey research, naturalistic observations, and case studies) with regard to purpose, strengths, and weaknesses.
• Describe how research design drives the reasonable conclusions that can be drawn (e.g., experiments are useful for determining cause and effect; the use of experimental controls reduces alternative explanations).
• Identify independent, dependent, confounding, and control variables in experimental designs.
• Distinguish between random assignment of participants to conditions in experiments and random selection of participants, primarily in correlational studies and surveys.
• Predict the validity of behavioral explanations based on the quality of research design (e.g., confounding variables limit confidence in research conclusions).
• Distinguish the purposes of descriptive statistics and inferential statistics.
• Apply basic descriptive statistical concepts, including interpreting and constructing graphs and calculating simple descriptive statistics (e.g., measures of central tendency, standard deviation).
• Discuss the value of reliance on operational definitions and measurement in behavioral research.
• Identify how ethical issues inform and constrain research practices.
• Describe how ethical and legal guidelines (e.g., those provided by the American Psychological Association, federal regulations, and local institutional review boards) protect research participants and promote sound ethical practice.

Psychological Research – Crash Course: psychological research, question, operationalizing, scientific method, theory, hypothesis, replication, case studies, naturalistic observation, Alfred Kinsey, surveys, sampling bias, random sample, correlation (possibility, not proof), experiments, independent variable, dependent variable, control group, confounding variables, placebo, double-blind procedure, informed consent, hindsight bias

  • Do humans solve problems faster when they consume caffeine?

Brains Vs. Bias – Crash Course: This video is also in Testing and Individual Differences, and is more appropriately in that location. However, this is an excellent application of the content on Research Methods:

Understanding quality research methods is not enough to avoid being duped. Please pay close attention to this video:

GREAT QUOTE: “The degree of one’s emotion varies inversely with one’s knowledge of the facts–the less you know the hotter you get.” — Bertrand Russell (one of the founders of analytic philosophy)

WARNING (Contains some language issues) – research and labeling… : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_JLxHgsEjzw

John Oliver (POM): https://vimeo.com/138692085

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